The interaction of molecules inside at the cellular level is vital for optimal performance of the human body’s systems and underlying metabolic processes. The study of the concerned mechanism for performing these functions is known as bio chemistry.
Biochemistry deals with transfer of gases, breakdown of food, and formation of bigger compounds from smaller substrates at the cellular level. An important process concerned with respiration is Glycolysis, in which glucose is decomposed into two molecules of sugar having three carbon atoms each.
Phosphorylation is a process characterized by the donation of phosphoryl (PO3) group from a phosphorylated reactive intermediate to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or guanosine diphosphate (GDP). The process involves a reactive intermediary, which is a high-energy molecule and is reactive to convert to a more stable molecule only during a bio chemistry process.
The various processes related to biochemistry are defined by the DNA at the cellular level. A nucleic acid conveys genetic information, and is composed of nucleotide chains with a high molecular weight. Several protein enzymes can alter their role and activity by virtue of phosphorylation.
Fatty acids and lipids are the final degradation products of fats and lipids, which are consumed in the form of vegetable oils, milk and butter. Lipid-rich foods undergo a specialize process for digestion.